Systems-biological approaches, such as comprehensive identification and analysis of system components and networks, are necessary to understand design principles of human physiology and pathology. Although reverse genetics using mouse models have been used previously, it is a low throughput method because of the need for repetitive crossing to produce mice having all cells of the body with knock-out or knock-in mutations. Moreover, there are often issues from the interspecific gap between humans and mice. To overcome these problems, high-throughput methods for producing knock-out or knock-in mice are necessary. In this review, we describe ‘next-generation’ human genetics, which can be defined as high-throughput mammalian genetics without crossing to knock out human-mouse ortholog genes or to knock in genetically humanized mutations.
Ukai, H., Sumiyama, K., & Ueda, H. R. (2019, August 1). Next-generation human genetics for organism-level systems biology. Current Opinion in Biotechnology. Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2019.03.003