Association of Environmental Factors With Levels of Home and Community Participation in an Adult Rehabilitation Cohort

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Abstract

Keysor JJ, Jette AM, Coster W, Bettger JP, Haley SM. Association of environmental factors with levels of home and community participation in an adult rehabilitation cohort. Objective: To examine whether home and community environmental barriers and facilitators are predictors of social and home participation and community participation at 1 and 6 months after discharge from an acute care or inpatient rehabilitation hospital. Design: Cohort study. Setting: Postacute care. Participants: Adults (N=342) age 18 years or older with a diagnosis of complex medical, orthopedic, or neurologic condition recruited from acute care and inpatient rehabilitation facilities. The mean age ± standard deviation of participants was 68±14 years; 49% were women and 92% were white. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Participation in social, home and community affairs as assessed with the Participation Measure for Post-Acute Care. Results: Adjusting for covariates, 1 month after discharge a greater presence of home mobility barriers (P<.01) was associated with less social and home participation; whereas greater community mobility barriers (P<.01) and more social support (P<.001) were associated with greater participation. At 6 months, social support was the only environmental factor associated with participation after adjusting for covariates. Conclusions: This study provides new empirical evidence that environmental barriers and facilitators do influence participation in a general rehabilitation cohort, at least in the short term. © 2006 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

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APA

Keysor, J. J., Jette, A. M., Coster, W., Bettger, J. P., & Haley, S. M. (2006). Association of Environmental Factors With Levels of Home and Community Participation in an Adult Rehabilitation Cohort. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 87(12), 1566–1575. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2006.08.347

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