C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) play critical roles as pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) for sensing Candida albicans infection, which can be life-threatening for immunocompromised individuals. Here wehave shown that Dectin-3 (also called CLECSF8, MCL, or Clec4d), a previously uncharacterized CLR,recognized α-mannans on the surfaces of C.albicans hyphae and induced NF-κB activation. Mice with either blockade or genetically deleted Dectin-3 were highly susceptible to C.albicans infection. Dectin-3 constantly formed heterodimers with Dectin-2, a well-characterized CLR, for recognizing C.albicans hyphae. Compared to their respective homodimers, Dectin-3 and Dectin-2 heterodimers bound α-mannans more effectively, leading to potent inflammatory responses against fungal infections. Together, our study demonstrates that Dectin-3 forms a heterodimeric PRR with Dectin-2 for sensing fungal infection and suggests that different CLRs may form different hetero- and homodimers, which provide different sensitivity and diversity for host cells to detect various microbial infections. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Zhu, L. L., Zhao, X. Q., Jiang, C., You, Y., Chen, X. P., Jiang, Y. Y., … Lin, X. (2013). C-type lectin receptors dectin-3 and dectin-2 form a heterodimeric pattern-recognition receptor for host defense against fungal infection. Immunity, 39(2), 324–334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2013.05.017