Banded ferrite-pearlite X65 pipeline steel was tested in high pressure hydrogen gas to evaluate the effects of oriented pearlite on hydrogen assisted fatigue crack growth. Test specimens were oriented in the steel pipe such that cracks propagated either parallel or perpendicular to the banded pearlite. The ferrite-pearlite microstructure exhibited orientation dependent behavior in which fatigue crack growth rates were significantly lower for cracks oriented perpendicular to the banded pearlite compared to cracks oriented parallel to the bands. The reduction of hydrogen assisted fatigue crack growth across the banded pearlite is attributed to a combination of crack-tip branching and impeded hydrogen diffusion across the banded pearlite.
Ronevich, J. A., Somerday, B. P., & San Marchi, C. W. (2016). Effects of microstructure banding on hydrogen assisted fatigue crack growth in X65 pipeline steels. International Journal of Fatigue, 82, 497–504. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2015.09.004