Tissue regeneration and repair have received much attention in the medical field over the years. The study of amphibians, such as newts and salamanders, has uncovered many of the processes that occur in these animals during full-limb/digit regeneration, a process that is highly limited in mammals. Understanding these processes in amphibians could shed light on how to develop and improve this process in mammals. Amputation injuries in mammals usually result in the formation of scar tissue with limited regrowth of the limb/digit; however, it has been observed that the very tips of digits (fingers and toes) can partially regrow in humans and mice under certain conditions. This review will summarize and compare the processes involved in salamander limb regeneration, mammalian wound healing, and digit regeneration in mice and humans.
Choi, Y., Meng, F., Cox, C. S., Lally, K. P., Huard, J., & Li, Y. (2017). Regeneration and regrowth potentials of digit tips in amphibians and mammals. International Journal of Cell Biology. Hindawi Limited. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5312951