The technique of electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy (ECSTM) and spectroscopy (ECSTS) for studying electron transport through single redox molecules is here described. Redox molecules of both biological and organic nature have been studied by this technique with the aim of understanding the trans- port mechanisms ruling the fl ow of electrons via a single molecule placed in a nanometer-sized gap between two electrodes while elucidating the role of the redox density of states brought about by the molecule. The obtained results provide unique clues to single-molecule transport behavior and support the concept of single-molecule electrochemical gating.
Nowacek, A., Kadiu, I., Mcmillan, J., & Gendelman, H. E. (2013). Cellular and Subcellular Nanotechnology. Methods in Molecular Biology, 991, 41–46. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-62703-336-7