Effectiveness of an intervention package on knowledge, attitude, and practices of food handlers in a tertiary care hospital of north India: A before and after comparison study

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Abstract

Background: Food-borne illnesses have been a recognized hazard for decades. Recent promulgation of Food Safety and Standards Act (FSSA), 2006, indicates the concern of our Govt. for food safety. Research on effectiveness of food safety interventions in our country is remarkably scarce. Hence, the present study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital of north India to create evidence-based results for food safety interventions. Methods: The study was before and after intervention trial which was registered with CTRI. Data collection was paperless using a software. All food handlers (n = 280) working inside the hospital were recruited. Intervention package comprised Self-Instructional Manual in Hindi for food handlers, short film for sensitization of food handlers on food safety titled ‘Gravy Extra’, and a documentary titled ‘Food Safety from farm to Fork’. Chi square test, paired t test, and Wilcoxon sign rank test were used. Results: Themean age of food handlers was 35 ± 2 years. Majority (61.7%) of food handlerswere educated less than 10th standard. Nearly 60% of them had up to five years of experience. At baseline majority (68.9%) had a fair knowledgeabout food safety issues. There was a significant improvement in food safety knowledge and practice score of food handlers after the intervention (p < 0.05). Their attitude toward food safety changed in a positive direction (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The intervention package was useful in improving the knowledge, creating a positive attitude and enhancing the food safety practices of food handlers working inside a tertiary care hospital.

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APA

Dudeja, P., Singh, A., Sahni, N., Kaur, S., & Goel, S. (2017). Effectiveness of an intervention package on knowledge, attitude, and practices of food handlers in a tertiary care hospital of north India: A before and after comparison study. Medical Journal Armed Forces India, 73(1), 49–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mjafi.2016.10.002

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