Absorption cross sections of 13C ethane and propane isotopologues in the 3 µm region

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Abstract

To the best of our knowledge, we present first-time measurements of the absorption cross sections of 13C ethane and propane isotopologues in the spectral region around 3000 cm-1. The spectra of 13C12CH6, 13C2H6 and 13C12C2H8 have been recorded at approximate room temperature and atmospheric pressure for concentrations between 0.325% and 0.750% in nitrogen using an FTIR spectrometer with a resolution of 0.5 cm-1. For calibration purposes an ethane and a propane spectrum each obtained with a natural isotopologue sample were compared to respective spectra from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The spectrum of 13C12CH6 is shifted between 3.5 cm−1 and 3.8 cm-1 towards smaller wavenumbers compared to 12C2H6. The peaks of 13C2H6 ethane were shifted between −4.4 cm-1 and −7.2 cm-1 relatively to the corresponding 12C peaks. 13C12C2H8 shows a wavenumber shift of −2 cm−1 for the largest central peak at 2965.5 cm-1 and −6.5 cm-1 for the second largest peak at 2955 cm-1. The newly determined cross sections will allow for the first time isotopologue-sensitive spectral analyses of ethane and propane in this spectral region and may be used for applications from atmospheric and planetary research to natural gas exploration.

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Loh, A., & Wolff, M. (2017). Absorption cross sections of 13C ethane and propane isotopologues in the 3 µm region. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 203, 517–521. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2017.05.012

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