This paper presents a model-based cell-health-conscious thermal energy management method. An Arrhenius equation-based mathematical model is firstly identified to quantify the effect of temperature on the cell lifetime of a Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) battery pack. The cell aging datasets collected under multiple ambient temperatures are applied to extract the Arrhenius equation parameters. The model is then used as an assessment criterion and guidance for the thermal management design of battery packs. The feasibility and applicability of a pack structure with its cooling system, is then evaluated, and its design problems are studied by a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis. The performance and eligibility of the design method is validated by both CFD simulations and experiments. © 2013 by the authors.
Yang, Y., Hu, X., Qing, D., & Chen, F. (2013). Arrhenius equation-based cell-health assessment: Application to thermal energy management design of a HEV NiMH battery pack. Energies, 6(5), 2709–2725. https://doi.org/10.3390/en6052709