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Perceptions versus realities: Teaching quality in higher education

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the perceptions of both students and faculty members on teaching quality in higher education, taking nationality, gender, GPA and faculty members' perceptions of university priorities into consideration. The mixed method approach was used to collect both quantitative and qualitative data simultaneously in the study. The quantitative data were collected from two countries: The United States and Turkey through a questionnaire developed for the study. Qualitative data were collected through focus group meetings; two with the faculty members and two with the students. The results indicated a difference between the perceptions of the student and faculty groups, regardless of nationality. In contrast to the students, faculty members perceived themselves competent in the three areas of delivery of instruction, rapport, and assessment. It was also found that nationality and GPA had an impact on students' perceptions whereas gender had an insignificant effect. As for perceived priorities, although both groups stated that teaching is important, it was interesting to note that Turkish group also emphasized administrative work and research/publication as priorities for the university. The results of this research suggests that more work is still needed to reach the high expectations for teaching quality in higher education such as in-service training and professional development activities, particularly on as self-reflection, improvement of teaching skills, and innovative teaching methods with an emphasis on technology.




Üstünlüoǧlu, E. (2016). Perceptions versus realities: Teaching quality in higher education. Egitim ve Bilim, 41(184), 235–250.

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