Shoulder pain in adolescent athletes: prevalence, associated factors and its influence on upper limb function

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Abstract

Background Sports that require the constant use of an upper limb demand the maximum kinetic chain efficiency in this segment. Immaturity of the musculoskeletal system, followed by failure in motor skills can expose adolescents to major reports of pain complaints, particularly for the shoulder. Objective To evaluate the prevalence of shoulder pain in adolescent athletes and identify possible factors associated with the complaint. Method A total of 310 athletes, of both sexes and aged between 10 and 19 years old participated on this study. The subjects filled out a questionnaire with personal, sports and upper limb function (Quick-DASH) questions. We evaluated the height, body mass, shoulder rotation range and stability of the upper limb using the CKCUES-test. The association between pain and the variables was analyzed using multilevel modeling logistic regression. We used the Mann–Whitney test for comparing between pain and function. Results The prevalence of shoulder pain was 43.5%. Athletes between 15 and 19 years, handball and judo practitioners, are 1.86, 2.14 and 3.07 more likely to report shoulder pain, respectively, when compared with other sports and ages. Shoulder pain reduced function scores (p < 0.001) and increased changes in the range of motion (p < 0.04). Conclusion Shoulder pain is highly prevalent and is associated especially with older adolescent athletes of handball and judo, and affects the levels of function and the range of the shoulder.

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de Oliveira, V. M. A., Pitangui, A. C. R., Gomes, M. R. A., Silva, H. A. da, Passos, M. H. P. dos, & de Araújo, R. C. (2017). Shoulder pain in adolescent athletes: prevalence, associated factors and its influence on upper limb function. Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy, 21(2), 107–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2017.03.005

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