A passive capacitor-based ethylene sensor using SnO 2 nanoparticles is presented for the detection of ethylene gas. The nanoscale particle size (10nm to 15nm) and film thickness (1300nm) of the sensing dielectric layer in the capacitor model aid in sensing ethylene at room temperature and eliminate the need for microhotplates used in existing bulk SnO 2-resistive sensors. The SnO 2-sensing layer is deposited using room temperature dip coating process on flexible polyimide substrates with copper as the top and bottom plates of the capacitor. The capacitive sensor fabricated with SnO 2 nanoparticles as the dielectric showed a total decrease in capacitance of 5pF when ethylene gas concentration was increased from 0 to 100ppm. A 7pF decrease in capacitance was achieved by introducing a 10nm layer of platinum (Pt) and palladium (Pd) alloy deposited on the SnO 2 layer. This also improved the response time by 40, recovery time by 28, and selectivity of the sensor to ethylene mixed in a CO 2 gas environment by 66. Copyright © 2012 Mangilal Agarwal et al.
Agarwal, M., Balachandran, M. D., Shrestha, S., & Varahramyan, K. (2012). SnO 2 nanoparticle-based passive capacitive sensor for ethylene detection. Journal of Nanomaterials, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/145406