The discovery of the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) set the stage for the elucidation of important mechanisms underpinning diabetic complications. RAGE transduces the signals of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), proinflammatory S100/calgranulins, and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), and is a one of a family of receptors for lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). These ligand tales weave a theme of vascular perturbation and inflammation linked to the pathogenesis of the chronic complications of diabetes. Once deemed implausible, this concept of inflammatory cues participating in diabetic complications is now supported by a plethora of experimental evidence in the macro- and microvasculature. We review the biology of ligand-RAGE signal transduction and its roles in diabetic microvascular complications, from animal models to human subjects. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Manigrasso, M. B., Juranek, J., Ramasamy, R., & Schmidt, A. M. (2014, January). Unlocking the biology of RAGE in diabetic microvascular complications. Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tem.2013.08.002