Oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of n-octane was carried out over a vanadium–magnesium oxide catalyst in a continuous flow fixed bed reactor. The catalyst was characterized by ICP–OES, powder XRD and SEM. The catalytic tests were carried out at different gas hourly space velocities (GHSVs), viz. 4000, 6000, 8000, and 10,000 h−1. The best selectivity for octenes was obtained at the GHSV of 8000 h−1, while that for C8 aromatics was attained at the GHSV of 6000 h−1 at high temperatures (500 and 550 °C). The catalytic testing at the GHSV of 10,000 h−1 showed the lowest activity, while that at the GHSV of 4000 h−1 consistently showed the lowest ODH selectivity. Generally, the best ODH performance was obtained by the catalytic testing at the GHSVs of 6000 and 8000 h−1. No phasic changes were observed after the catalytic testing.
Elkhalifa, E. A., & Friedrich, H. B. (2019). Oxidative dehydrogenation of n-octane over a vanadium–magnesium oxide catalyst: Influence of the gas hourly space velocity. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 12(8), 2464–2469. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2015.03.017