Objective: To investigate the function and morphology of endothelial cell (EC) seeded grafts. Design: Experimental, open study. Chief outcome measures: Endoluminal release of prostacyclin (6-Keto-PGF(1α)) and thromboxane B2 (TxB2), patency, EC coverage and cell identity. Materials: In 12 sheep, segments of both carotid arteries were excised. On one side a seeded and on the other an unselected dacron graft were inserted. After 3 months the grafts were excised. In grafts and arteries, the endoluminal release of 6-keto-PGF(1α) and TxB2 was determined in a perfusion system. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light microscopy were used to determine the EC coverage and cell identity. Results: Eight animals survived. Three seeded and two unseeded grafts were occluded. Prostacyclin release did not differ significantly between seeded and unseeded grafts and arteries, when the arteries were looked upon as one group. When the graft was compared with its corresponding artery, i.e. the artery it replaced, a significantly lower release was found in the unseeded group. Thromboxane release was undetectable in arteries but significantly higher in both graft groups. SEM revealed a cellular coverage of 75% in the seeded grafts and 50% in the unseeded (non significant). Light microscopy showed a patchy staining for Factor VIII-related antigen in some grafts in both groups. Conclusion: Prostacyclin release in unseeded and seeded dacron grafts did not differ 3 months after implantation in sheep, except when the graft was compared with its corresponding artery. The significance of this remains to be settled. Seeded grafts did not have a higher proportion of endothelial coverage than unseeded grafts.
Jensen, N., Brunkwall, J., Falt, K., Lindblad, B., & Bergqvist, D. (1996). Recovery of endothelial cells and prostanoid production in endothelial cell-seeded grafts. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 12(1), 54–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1078-5884(96)80275-9