The main points may be briefly summarised. 1. Laboratory and field experiments have shown that the fruit, bark and other parts of the tree Balanites ægyptiaca possess properties lethal to molluscs, bilharzial miracidia and cercaria, and the cercaria of animal trematodes. 2. A simple technique is described, whereby strong emulsions of the fruit can be used for killing molluscs in water, without impairing the potability of the water. 3. The use of the fruit as a substitute for chemicals will render the control of schistosomiasis in the Sudan more effective and less costly. 4. Afforestation of the tree is recommended as an additional measure for the control of schistosomiasis. © 1933 Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Archibald, R. G. (1933). The use of the fruit of the tree Balanites ægyptiaca in the control of schistosomiasis in the Sudan. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 27(2), 207–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0035-9203(33)90011-5