Analisis Fenomenologi Terhadap Makna dan Realita

  • Mu’ammar M
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Abstract

<p>Phenomenology is precisely this deepening of self consciousness, this restless search for what lies back of the objects in which we ordinarily and scientifically lose our <em>attention</em>, or as we now call it our <em>intention</em>. Phenomenology is not merely the theory that this is so, but the putting it into practice, the urge to explore its interminable vistas. As a discipline, it is distinct from but related to other keys in philosophy: such as ontology, epistemology, logics, and ethics. The discipline of phenomenology is defined by its domain of study, its methods, and its main results. This paper globally makes a try at exploring the history and varieties of phenomenology. Phenomenology has been practiced in various guises for centuries, but it came into its down in the early 20<sup>th</sup> century in the works of Husserl, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty and others. Phenomenological issues of intentionality, consciousness, and first-person perspective have been prominent in recent philosophy of mind.</p><p>Fenomenologi lebih tepatnya ialah pendalaman kesadaran-diri, pencarian yang gelisah ini terhadap sesuatu di balik objek-objek yang di dalamnya kita --biasanya dan secara ilmiah-- mengalahkan <em>perhatian</em> kita, atau seperti yang kita sekarang menyebutnya <em>tujuan</em>. Fenomenologi bukan hanya teori bahwa ini adalah begitu, tapi menempatkan dalam praktiknya, dorongan untuk mengeksplorasi pandangan-pandangan yang tak berkesudahan. Sebagai satu disiplin, ia berbeda dari dan terkait dengan kunci-kunci lain dalam filsafat: seperti ontologi, epistemologi, logika, dan etika. Tulisan ini secara umum akan mencoba mengeksplorasi sejarah dan varietas fenomenologi. Fenomenologi  telah berurat-akar selama berabad-abad, namun berbunga pada karya-karya Husserl, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty dan lain-lain. Isu-isu fenomenologis mengenai intensionalitas, kesadaran, dan perspektif orang-pertama cukup menyolok pada filsafat pikiran akhir-akhir ini.</p>

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APA

Mu’ammar, M. N. (2017). Analisis Fenomenologi Terhadap Makna dan Realita. Jurnal Studi Agama Dan Masyarakat, 13(1), 120. https://doi.org/10.23971/jsam.v13i1.573

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