Inconsistency measures have been proposed to assess the severity of inconsistencies in knowledge bases of classical logic in a quantitative way. In general, computing the value of inconsistency is a computationally hard task as it is based on the satisfiability problem which is itself NP-complete. In this work, we address the problem of measuring inconsistency in knowledge bases that are accessed in a stream of propositional formulæ. That is, the formulæ of a knowledge base cannot be accessed directly but only once through processing of the stream. This work is a first step towards practicable inconsistency measurement for applications such as Linked Open Data, where huge amounts of information is distributed across the web and a direct assessment of the quality or inconsistency of this information is infeasible due to its size. Here we discuss the problem of stream-based inconsistency measurement on classical logic, in order to make use of existing measures for classical logic. However, it turns out that inconsistency measures defined on the notion of minimal inconsistent subsets are usually not apt to be used in the streaming scenario. In order to address this issue, we adapt measures defined on paraconsistent logics and also present a novel inconsistency measure based on the notion of a hitting set. We conduct an extensive empirical analysis on the behavior of these different inconsistency measures in the streaming scenario, in terms of runtime, accuracy, and scalability. We conclude that for two of these measures, the stream-based variant of the new inconsistency measure and the stream-based variant of the contension inconsistency measure, large-scale inconsistency measurement in streaming scenarios is feasible.
Thimm, M. (2016). Stream-based inconsistency measurement. International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 68, 68–87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijar.2015.11.001