Coenzyme A (CoA) esters of short fatty acids (acyl-CoAs) function as key precursors for the biosynthesis of various natural products and the dominant donors for lysine acylation. Herein, we investigated the functional interplay between beneficial and adverse effects of acyl-CoA supplements on the production of acyl-CoA-derived natural products in microorganisms by using erythromycin-biosynthesized Saccharopolyspora erythraea as a model: accumulation of propionyl-CoA benefited erythromycin biosynthesis, but lysine propionylation inhibited the activities of important enzymes involved in biosynthetic pathways of erythromycin. The results showed that the overexpression of NAD+-dependent deacylase could circumvent the inhibitory effects of high acyl-CoA concentrations. In addition, we demonstrated the similar lysine acylation mechanism in other acyl-CoA-derived natural product biosynthesis, such as malonyl-CoA-derived alkaloid and butyryl-CoA-derived bioalcohol. These observations systematically uncovered the important role of protein acylation on interaction between the accumulation of high concentrations of acyl-CoAs and the efficiency of their use in metabolic pathways. Xu et al. systematically investigated the general interplay between beneficial and adverse effects of cellular acyl-CoA concentrations on the biosynthesis of acyl-CoA-derived natural products in bacteria, which provided insight into the potential function of the identified lysine acylation substrates.
Xu, J. Y., Xu, Y., Xu, Z., Zhai, L. H., Ye, Y., Zhao, Y., … Ye, B. C. (2018). Protein Acylation is a General Regulatory Mechanism in Biosynthetic Pathway of Acyl-CoA-Derived Natural Products. Cell Chemical Biology, 25(8), 984-995.e6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2018.05.005