Avaliação do consumo alimentar de pacientes com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise

  • Machado A
  • Bazanelli A
  • Simony R
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Abstract

Objective: To assess the dietary intake of energy, protein, phosphorus and potassium of patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis. Materials and Methods: It was performed a cross-sectional study with 34 patients on hemodialysis. A questionnaire was applied by interview to identify the clinical and demographic characteristics of patients. The method used for the assessment of dietary intake was the 3-day food record. The serum levels of phosphorus and potassium and the value of Kt/V were obtained by consultation on patients’ charts. Results: The average intake of energy, protein, phosphorus and potassium corresponded to 19.0 kcal/kg, 0.9 g/kg, 612.5 mg and 1400.2 mg, respectively, which is lower than the established recommendations. The difference on intake was observed only for the gender (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant correlation between inadequate dialysis and low intake of nutrients and between the intake of phosphorus and potassium and its serum levels. Conclusions: The dietary intake of patients have presented as inadequate, emphasizing the need to carry out nutritional actions, so that the intake of the patients can suit the recommendations and the comorbidities resulting from the inadequate intake can be reduced.

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APA

Machado, A. D., Bazanelli, A. P., & Simony, R. F. (2014). Avaliação do consumo alimentar de pacientes com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise. Ciência & Saúde, 7(2), 76. https://doi.org/10.15448/1983-652x.2014.2.17758

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