The PRO1, PRO2, and PRO3 genes were isolated by functional complementation of pro1, pro2, and pro3 (proline-requiring) strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Independent clones with overlapping inserts were isolated from S. cerevisiae genomic libraries in YEp24 (2 μm) and YC 50 (CEN) plasmids. The identity of each gene was determined by gene disruption, and Southern hybridization and genetic analyses confirmed that the bona fide genes had been cloned. Plasmids containing each gene were introduced into known bacterial proline auxotrophs, and the ability to restore proline prototrophy was assessed. Interspecies complementation demonstrated that the S. cerevisiae PRO1 gene encoded γ-glutamyl kinase, PRO 2 encoded γ-glutamyl phosphate reductase, and PRO3 encoded Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase. The presence of the PRO3 gene on a high-copy-number plasmid in S. cerevisiae caused a 20-fold overproduction of Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase. The PRO2 gene mapped on chromosome XV tightly linked to cdc66, and the PRO3 gene was located on the right arm of chromosome V between HIS1 and the centromere.
Tomenchok, D. M., & Brandriss, M. C. (1987). Gene-enzyme relationships in the proline biosynthetic pathway of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of Bacteriology, 169(12), 5364–5372. https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.169.12.5364-5372.1987