Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare and serious disorder in children of unknown aetiolopathogeny. Association of IPH and coeliac disease (CD) is even rarer. Immunological origin of IPH is now well accepted. We report the case of an 11-year-old female admitted for evaluation of recurrent streaky haemoptysis that had been evolving over the previous 9 months. Physical examination revealed weight loss with normal weight, but there was cutaneous and mucosal pallor due to severe anaemia (haemoglobin 4.6 g/dl). The chest X-rays showed unilateral alveolo-intertitial infiltrate. Broncho-alveolar lavage revealed 70% haemosiderin-laden macrophages. The diagnosis of IPH was made. Since severe anaemia is disproportionate to radiologic findings, searching associated CD was performed and then confirmed by biological and histological examinations. A gluten-free diet was initiated. Evolution was favourable. Looking for especially CD in IPH should be systematic, even in the absence of gastrointestinal symptoms. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Hammami, S., Ghédira Besbès, L., Hadded, S., Chouchane, S., Ben Meriem, C., & Gueddiche, M. N. (2008). Co-occurrence pulmonary haemosiderosis with coeliac disease in child. Respiratory Medicine, 102(6), 935–936. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2008.02.014