A close relationship between obesity and hypertension has been recognized, and plasma angiotensinogen concentrations (p-AGT) have been reported to correlate with blood pressure (BP). However, little is known about AGT in obese patients with hypertension. To define the role of AGT in obese hypertension, we measured p-AGT in obese patients. The subjects were 42 obese patients diagnosed on the basis of a body mass index (BMI) of more than 25 kg/m2, and 21 sex- and age-matched nonobese patients, whose BMI was less than 25 kg/m2. The hypertensive patients had not previously received antihypertensive drugs. P-AGT (P < .05) and mean BP (P < .0001) was increased in the obese patients as compared with the nonobese patients. Positive correlations were observed between BMI and p-AGT, mean BP and p-AGT, and BMI and mean BP (all P < .05). However, after adjustment for blood pressure, p- AGT was not different between groups, and after adjustment a positive correlation remained only between BMI and mean BP. These results suggested the possible involvement of increased p-AGT in hypertension in obese patients, although this may be a secondary change to hypertension or obesity.
Umemura, S., Nyui, N., Tamura, K., Hibi, K., Yamaguchi, S., Nakamaru, M., … Ishii, M. (1997). Plasma angiotensinogen concentrations in obese patients. American Journal of Hypertension, 10(6), 629–633. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0895-7061(97)00053-8