Er 3+ and Yb 3+ co-doped CaBi 2 Ta 2 O 9 (CBT)-based bismuth layered-structure oxides were synthesized by a simple solid-state reaction method. Their up-conversion (UC) luminescence, dielectric and ferroelectric properties were investigated. Two strong green emission bands centered at 526 and 547 nm and a weak red emission band centered at 658 nm were obtained under a 980 nm laser excitation at room temperature. These emission bands originated from the radiative relaxation of Er 3+ from 2 H 11/2 , 4 S 3/2 , and 4 F 9/2 levels to the ground state 4 I 15/2 , respectively. At the meantime, the fluorescence intensity ratio (FIR) variation of two green UC emissions at 526 and 547 nm has been studied as a function of temperature in the range of 153–603 K. The maximum sensor sensitivity obtained was 39 × 10 -4 K -1 at 590 K, which indicated that Er 3+ / Yb 3+ co-doped CBT ceramic is a promising candidate for applications in optical high temperature sensor.
Cao, Q., Peng, D., Zou, H., Li, J., Wang, X., & Yao, X. (2014). Up-conversion luminescence of Er 3+ and Yb 3+ co-doped CaBi 2 Ta 2 O 9 multifunctional ferroelectrics . Journal of Advanced Dielectrics, 04(03), 1450018. https://doi.org/10.1142/s2010135x14500180