A variety of immune-based therapies has been developed in order to boost or induce protective CD8 ++ T cell responses in order to control HIV replication. Since dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs) with the unique capability to stimulate nave T cells into effector T cells, their use for the induction of HIV-specific immune responses has been studied intensively. In the present study we investigated whether modulation of the activation state of DCs electroporated with consensus codon-optimized HxB2 gag mRNA enhances their capacity to induce HIV gag-specific T cell responses. To this end, mature DCs were (i) co-electroporated with mRNA encoding interleukin (IL)-12p70 mRNA, or (ii) activated with a cytokine cocktail consisting of R848 and interferon (IFN)-γ. Our results confirm the ability of HxB2 gag-expressing DCs to expand functional HIV-specific CD8 ++ T cells. However, although most of the patients had detectable gag-specific CD8 ++ T cell responses, no significant differences in the level of expansion of functional CD8 + T cells could be demonstrated when comparing conventional or immune-modulated DCs expressing IL-12p70. This result which goes against expectation may lead to a re-evaluation of the need for IL-12 expression by DCs in order to improve T-cell responses in HIV-1-infected individuals. Copyright © 2012 Ellen Van Gulck et al.
Van Gulck, E., Cools, N., Atkinson, D., Bracke, L., Vereecken, K., Vekemans, M., … Vanham, G. (2012). Interleukin-12p70 expression by dendritic cells of HIV-1-infected patients fails to stimulate gag -specific immune responses. Clinical and Developmental Immunology, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/184979