Purpose: To determine the necessity of hyaluronidase as an anesthetic adjuvant for peribulbar anesthesia during cataract surgery and to assess differences in anesthetic outcomes in the absence of hyaluronidase. Methods: In this double blinded randomized study, 202 patients reporting for surgery for senile cataract in their first eye under regional ocular anesthesia without pre-existing extra ocular movement restriction were randomly divided into 2 groups: Group 1 – anesthesia without hyaluronidase, Group 2 – anesthesia with 50 IU/ml Hyaluronidase. Peribulbar block with 5 ml of anesthetic mixture of 2% lignocaine with 1:200000 adrenaline and 0.5% bupivacaine with or without hyaluronidase was performed with 3 ml deposited in the infero-medial quadrant and 2 ml in the supero-medial quadrant followed by ocular massage. Surgeons’ score for akinesia, patients’ score for analgesia, augmentation of block if any and extra ocular movements on first post-operative day were compared between the groups. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in akinesia (p = 0.22, 0.68 and 0.98), analgesia (p = 0.44 and 0.09) or requirement of anesthetic augmentation (p = 0.3). Extraocular movement restriction was not noted in any patient. Onset of akinesia and analgesia was earlier in Group 2 (p = 0.004 and p = 0.005 respectively). Conclusions: Hyaluronidase is not an essential adjuvant for peribulbar block for cataract surgeries. Appropriate deposition of a smaller volume of anesthetic agent and adequate ocular massage provide adequate and safe anesthesia.
Swathi, N., Srikanth, K., & Venipriya, S. (2018). Does the addition of hyaluronidase improve the quality of peribulbar anesthesia in cataract surgery? – A randomized double blinded study. Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology, 32(3), 204–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjopt.2018.02.013