Fate of Nutritional and Bioactive Compounds of Innovative Chickpeas- Based Vegan Diets Incorporating Different Vegetables

  • Barakat H
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Abstract

Advances in nutrition research during the past few decades recommended the contribution of vegetarian diets for improving human health and reducing risk diseases. In current study, six innovative ready-to-use and ready-to-eat chickpea-based vegan diets (CVDs) incorporating different vegetables (cauliflower, taro, green zucchini, pea, bean and spinach) at 20% were prepared. These formulated CVDs with 30% chickpea were supplemented by additional edible ingredients. Herein, fate of nutritional and bioactive compounds of those CVDs was investigated. Chemical composition, minerals content, bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of CVDs before and after cooking were determined. Ready-to-eat CVDs were organoleptically evaluated after stir-frying cooking. Results of composite analysis indicated 67.13 to 71.65, 25. 02 to 33.96, 1.87 to 2. 36, 7. 83 to 9.15, 8.14 to 8.84 and 46.79 to 56.16% for moisture, crude protein, lipids, ash, fiber, and carbohydrates contents in ready-to-use CVDs, respectively. Significant differences (p<0.05) were found between macro- and micro-nutrients content of ready-to-use and ready-to-eat as well as caloric value of CVDs. The ready-to-use CVDs exhibit appropriate content of ascorbic acid, chlorophylls, carotenoids, flavonoids, and flavonols which basically depends on their ingredients. Frying process dramatically reduced the ascorbic acid, chlorophylls, carotenoids, flavonoids, and flavonols contents. High organoleptic acceptability of readyto- eat CVDs was noticed to confirm the consumer attractiveness further. In conclusion, the possibility of healthy ready-to-eat and ready-to-use CVDs incorporated with common consumed vegetables manufacturing could provide a promising approach for improving the human health and dietary pattern practices.

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APA

Barakat, H. (2014). Fate of Nutritional and Bioactive Compounds of Innovative Chickpeas- Based Vegan Diets Incorporating Different Vegetables. Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences, 4(5). https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-9600.1000302

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