The coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase CARM1 catalyzes the methylation of histone H3 arginine 17/26 (H3R17/26me) and non-histone proteins at arginine residues to regulate gene transactivation through profiling or Carm1 overexpression assays. However, the direct relationship between H3R17/26me and its causal role in mouse embryo development remains largely unclear. Here, we use rAPOBEC1-XTEN-Cas9n-UGI (BE3) to efficiently introduce a point mutation (R17H) at multiple Hist1/2H3 loci and a premature-stop codon into the catalytic domain of CARM1 in mouse embryos, resulting in remarkable downregulation of H3R17me levels and developmental defects in pre-implantation and fetal embryos. Transcriptomic analysis reveals that Yap1 and cell cycle signaling pathways are dysregulated in Carm1 truncation and H3R17H substitution embryos, and Yap1 overexpression could rescue the base-editing-elicited defects. Our data establish the direct regulatory relationship between CARM1-mediated H3R17me and early mouse embryo development and demonstrate that Yap1 acts downstream of CARM1-mediated H3R17me to regulate the mouse embryo development.
Yang, G., Zhou, C., Wang, R., Huang, S., Wei, Y., Yang, X., … Qiao, Y. (2019). Base-Editing-Mediated R17H Substitution in Histone H3 Reveals Methylation-Dependent Regulation of Yap Signaling and Early Mouse Embryo Development. Cell Reports, 26(2), 302-312.e4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2018.12.046