This work is concerned of evaluate the use of visible and near-infrared (NIR) range, separately and combined, to determine the biodiesel content in biodiesel/diesel blends using Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) and variable selection by Successive Projections Algorithm (SPA). Full spectrum models employing Partial Least Squares (PLS) and variables selection by Stepwise (SW) regression coupled with Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) and PLS models also with variable selection by Jack-Knife (Jk) were compared the proposed methodology. Several preprocessing were evaluated, being chosen derivative Savitzky-Golay with second-order polynomial and 17-point window for NIR and visible-NIR range, with offset correction. A total of 100 blends with biodiesel content between 5 and 50% (v/v) prepared starting from ten sample of biodiesel. In the NIR and visible region the best model was the SPA-MLR using only two and eight wavelengths with RMSEP of 0.6439% (v/v) and 0.5741 respectively, while in the visible-NIR region the best model was the SW-MLR using five wavelengths and RMSEP of 0.9533% (v/v). Results indicate that both spectral ranges evaluated showed potential for developing a rapid and nondestructive method to quantify biodiesel in blends with mineral diesel. Finally, one can still mention that the improvement in terms of prediction error obtained with the procedure for variables selection was significant. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Fernandes, D. D. S., Gomes, A. A., Costa, G. B. D., Silva, G. W. B. D., & Véras, G. (2011). Determination of biodiesel content in biodiesel/diesel blends using NIR and visible spectroscopy with variable selection. Talanta, 87(1), 30–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2011.09.025