Diagnostic utility of 123I-BMIPP imaging in patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy

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Abstract

Objective: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a cardiac syndrome with an acute onset defined by chest symptoms and ST segment elevation on electrocardiograms. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is sometimes misdiagnosed as acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Therefore a non-invasive diagnostic method is needed to be established for setting up appropriate strategies. The purpose of this study was to detect myocardial metabolic abnormalities and to determine the diagnostic usefulness of 123I-beta-methy-iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid (123I-BMIPP) imaging in patients with takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Methods and results: We examined 16 patients with takotsubo cardiomyopathy and 12 with AMI in the left anterior descending artery. All patients were studied with resting 123I-BMIPP imaging. Total defect score (TDS) of 123I-BMIPP and perfusion were semi-quantitatively determined with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging using a 17-segment 5-point model. TDS of 123I-BMIPP were 4.8±2.7 in patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and 22.4±10.7 in AMI. The ratio of summed BMIPP defect score of non-apical to apical segments in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy was smaller than that of the patients with AMI (0.1±0.1 vs. 1.1±0.7, p<0.0001), indicating that 123I-BMIPP abnormalities were exclusively observed the in apical area. The ratio of summed perfusion defect scores of non-apical to apical segments in takotsubo cardiomyopathy did not differ significantly from that of AMI (0.52±0.6 vs. 0.57±0.3, p=NS). Summed BMIPP defect score in the apical area of takotsubo cardiomyopathy was larger than that of perfusion defect score (3.9±2.7 vs. 1.8±1.8, p=0.04). Conclusion: Impaired metabolic metabolism exclusively in the apical region was observed by 123I-BMIPP SPECT images in takotsubo cardiomyopathy. These typical metabolic SPECT features of the disease can be utilized on differential diagnosis of takotsubo cardiomyopathy. © 2013 Japanese College of Cardiology.

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Matsuo, S., Nakajima, K., Kinuya, S., & Yamagishi, M. (2014). Diagnostic utility of 123I-BMIPP imaging in patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Journal of Cardiology, 64(1), 49–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2013.10.019

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