Objective: To determine the adequacy of hypertension management in institutionalized elderly patients. Methods: Retrospective chart review of all patients with a physician-documented diagnosis of hypertension at 15 long-term care facilities in Edmonton, Alberta. Results: Of 2063 long-term care residents, 733 (36%) were diagnosed with hypertension (mean age 84 years), and 566 (77%) of this cohort were receiving antihypertensive medication. The most frequently prescribed antihypertensive drugs were angiotensin-convertjng enzyme inhibitors (341 patients [60%]). Of the long-term residents prescribed antihypertensive therapy, 274 (48%) were on one medication, 203 (36%) were on two and 89 (16%) received three or more agents. Blood pressure readings were taken every 14 days on average (interquartile range two to 31 days). Overall, 467 (64%) of these residents with a diagnosis of hypertension achieved target blood pressure. Conclusion: Hypertension treatment and control rates are better in elderly patients who are institutionalized than those reported in studies of patients who reside in the community. Determining the reasons for this discrepancy will be important for the design of strategies to improve hypertension control rates in the community. ©2008 Pulsus Group Inc. All rights reserved.
Tsuyuki, R. T., McLean, D. L., & McAlister, F. A. (2008). Management of hypertension in elderly long-term care residents. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 24(12), 912–914. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0828-282X(08)70698-6