Coordinate expression of BMPs and their receptors and inhibitors is likely necessary for physiologic BMP regulation and activity. To characterize the expression of such factors in fetal, normal adult, and end-stage osteoarthritic articular cartilage, samples from these sources were analyzed. PCR-amplified sequences (BMPs 1-11), receptors (IA, IB, II), TGF-β1, TGF-β2, inhibitors noggin and follistatin, CDMP-1, COMP, and GAPDH from cDNAs generated from extracted total RNA were resolved by gel electrophoresis. Protein levels of BMPs 3, 7, and 8 were also analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. RT-PCR revealed that BMPs 1, 2, 4-6, and 11, BMPR-IA and II, noggin, follistatin, CDMP-1, COMP, and GAPDH mRNAs were expressed in similar fashion in both fetal and adult (normal or osteoarthritic) cartilage. BMPs 9 and 10 mRNAs were not expressed in either group. BMPs 7, 8, and BMPR-IB mRNAs were consistently expressed in fetal but not in adult cartilage. BMP-3 mRNA was expressed in fetal and normal adult, but not in osteoarthritic samples. TGF-β1 was expressed in both adult normal and osteoarthritic, but not fetal, samples. Similarly, Western blotting demonstrated BMPs 7 and 8 to be present in fetal but not in adult samples. BMP-3 protein was present in fetal and adult normal samples, to a lesser extent, but absent in osteoarthritic cartilage. © 2004 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Chen, A. L., Fang, C., Liu, C., Leslie, M. P., Chang, E., & Di Cesare, P. E. (2004). Expression of bone morphogenetic proteins, receptors, and tissue inhibitors in human fetal, adult, and osteoarthritic articular cartilage. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 22(6), 1188–1192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orthres.2004.02.013