Aims: Piperazinic derivatives have therapeutic potential by acting as analgesic, antidepressant-like, anticonvulsant and antipsychotic in preclinical studies. In order to develop new drugs to treat mental disorders, we designed and synthesized the 4-(1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-ylmethyl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (PPMP), a new piperazine derivative with putative activities on central nervous system that seems to involve serotonergic system. Materials and methods: In order to investigate the antidepressant-like activity of PPMP, mice were treated acutely and tested in the forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension test. Pretreatment with the 5-HT synthesis inhibitor p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA, 100 mg/kg, i.p., 4 days), and the non-selective blocker of catecholamine synthesis α-methyl para-tyrosine (AMPT, 100 mg/kg, i.p.) were used to assay the involvement of serotonergic and catecholaminergic systems. "Ex vivo" monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzymatic assay and quantification of hippocampal level of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were carried out. Key findings: PPMP reduced the immobility time in both tests. PCPA or AMPT (100 mg/kg, i.p.) pretreatment blocked the effects of PPMP, thereby suggesting the involvement of serotonergic and catecholaminergic systems in the antidepressant-like effect of PPMP. PPMP did not inhibit the activity of MAO. Moreover, after 14 days of treatment, PPMP 15 mg/kg/day induced antidepressant-like effect and increased hippocampal level of BDNF. None of the treatments in this study altered the locomotor activity in the open field test. Significance: In conclusion, PPMP demonstrates antidepressant-like effect that involve both serotonergic and catecholaminergic systems without inhibition of MAO activity. PPMP administration increased the hippocampal levels of BDNF.
Galdino, P. M., De Oliveira, D. R., Florentino, I. F., Fajemiroye, J. O., Valadares, M. C., De Moura, S. S., … Menegatti, R. (2015). Involvement of the monoamine system in antidepressant-like properties of 4-(1-phenyl-1h-pyrazol-4-ylmethyl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid ethyl ester. Life Sciences, 143, 187–193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2015.11.009