The effect of 16,16-dimethyl prostaglandin E2 (dmPGE2) on histologic and microcirculatory changes in alcohol-induced gastric mucosal injury was studied. A histologic study confirmed that dmPGE2 does not protect the surface mucous cells against ethanol injury but does protect against the deeper necrotic lesion. Both the gross injury and the necrotic lesion were as severe after 1 min of ethanol exposure as after 60 min. A study of benzidine-stained sections and hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections revealed marked engorgement of microvessels and hemorrhage in the superficial mucosa after ethanol injury. Pretreatment with dmPGE2 prevented these. An in vivo fluorescent microscopy study revealed that there was total stasis of blood flow in the injured area. After the intravascular injection of a fluorescein-albumin conjugate, the conjugate filled microvessels in grossly normal areas of mucosa but not in grossly injured areas. Pretreatment with dmPGE2 prevented this microcirculatory change. This alcohol-induced stasis of flow in injured areas may be of pathogenetic significance and prostaglandin protection might involve prevention of this microcirculatory change. © 1984, American Gastroenterological Association. All rights reserved.
Guth, P. H., Paulsen, G., & Nagata, H. (1984). Histologic and Microcirculatory Changes in Alcohol-Induced Gastric Lesions in the Rat: Effect of Prostaglandin Cytoprotection. Gastroenterology, 87(5), 1083–1090. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-5085(84)80068-2