Attractor hopping between polarization dynamical states in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser subject to parallel optical injection

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Abstract

We present experimental and theoretical results of noise-induced attractor hopping between dynamical states found in a single transverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) subject to parallel optical injection. These transitions involve dynamical states with different polarizations of the light emitted by the VCSEL. We report an experimental map identifying, in the injected power-frequency detuning plane, regions where attractor hopping between two, or even three, different states occur. The transition between these behaviors is characterized by using residence time distributions. We find multistability regions that are characterized by heavy-tailed residence time distributions. These distributions are characterized by a -1.83±0.17 power law. Between these regions we find coherence enhancement of noise-induced attractor hopping in which transitions between states occur regularly. Simulation results show that frequency detuning variations and spontaneous emission noise play a role in causing switching between attractors. We also find attractor hopping between chaotic states with different polarization properties. In this case, simulation results show that spontaneous emission noise inherent to the VCSEL is enough to induce this hopping.

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Denis-Le Coarer, F., Quirce, A., Valle, A., Pesquera, L., Rodríguez, M. A., Panajotov, K., & Sciamanna, M. (2018). Attractor hopping between polarization dynamical states in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser subject to parallel optical injection. Physical Review E, 97(3). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.97.032201

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