Objective: Doppler ultrasound of extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) and vertebral artery (VA) were performed and total cerebral blood flow volume (tCBFV) was evaluated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. CBFV changes due to blood gas changes were also evaluated. Methods: Bilateral ICA and VA have been examined with 7.5 MHz linear array transducer in COPD patients. Angle-corrected time averaged flow velocity and cross-sectional areas of vessels have been measured. Flow volumes and tCBFV have been calculated. Flow velocities and waveform parameters have been measured. Results: tCBFV, anterior-posterior CBFVs, left-right ICA flow volumes, bilateral ICA and VA cross-sectional areas and left ICA peak-systolic velocity were significantly higher in COPD patients than control group. Among COPD patients tCBFVs were highest in hypoxemic-hypercapnic ones, and lowest in normocapnic ones. Bilateral VA flow volumes, bilateral ICA (except left ICA Vps) and VA flow velocities and waveform parameters were not different in COPD patients compared with control group. When compared among the subgroups of COPD patients, there were no significant differences for all parameters. Conclusion: tCBFVs were found to be significantly higher in COPD patients. This increment which is probably due to balancing the oxygen deficit is low with hypoxemia and high with hypercapnia and hypoxemia. Particularly, bilateral ICA and VA cross-sectional area changes and increased left ICA Vps were considered as the main reason for increased tCBFV in COPD patients. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Albayrak, R., Fidan, F., Unlu, M., Sezer, M., Degirmenci, B., Acar, M., … Yaman, M. (2006). Extracranial carotid Doppler ultrasound evaluation of cerebral blood flow volume in COPD patients. Respiratory Medicine, 100(10), 1826–1833. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2006.01.015