Morphological Variation on Isolated Populations of Praocis ( Praocis ) spinolai

  • Benítez H
  • Pizarro-Araya J
  • Bravi R
  • et al.
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Abstract

In this study, the morphological variations of four geographically isolated populations of Praocis (Praocis) spinolai Gay & Solier (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in the transitional coastal desert, Chile, were studied. The study was conducted in the coastal area of Punta de Choros and Los Choros-Archipelago, which includes three islands: Choros, Damas, and Gaviota. 113 specimens of the species P. (P.) spinolai belonging to the four locations sampled were collected analyzed with geometric morphometrics techniques to explore the pattern of shape variation on the different isolated environments. The principal component analysis revealed a well-defined pattern of variation between the populations analyzed. Moreover, differences between populations emerged also from the canonical variation analysis and were confirmed by the Procrustes ANOVA. All analyses performed confirmed the existence of a pattern of variation, due to the isolation of the populations and to environmental effects. The islands are subject to more arid pressures than the continent, where there is a more stable environment and the presence of coastal wetlands and the coastal range of mountains act together and enable fog condensation. This study indicates the existence of a clear pattern of variation, which indicates an evolutionary trend among the population examined. © 2014 Journal of Insect Science.

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Benítez, H. A., Pizarro-Araya, J., Bravi, R., Sanzana, M.-J., & Alfaro, F. M. (2014). Morphological Variation on Isolated Populations of Praocis ( Praocis ) spinolai . Journal of Insect Science, 14(11), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1673/031.014.11

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