Special cross-disciplinary research and respective calculations are done independently by scientists from various countries have shown that the twenty-first century is expected to be crucial for human history. Current generations’ activities will determine what exactly the turning point will look like and what direction the subsequent evolution will go. Modern physicists are not finding limits on what we can understand about nature. Yet, the available intellectual self-control necessary to escape destructive effects is questionable. How long can technological growth and social responses be reliably balanced? Throughout human history, identity in human communities (from simple tribes to nations, social classes or world confessions) has been provided by the image of a common enemy. Yet, the current level of technological development blurs lines between both military and peaceful technologies and social conditions. This psychological inertia can be suicidal. So, the central problem of the twenty-first century is whether humans prove ready to develop strategic meanings beyond religious or quasi-religious ideologies, which are often built on the “us-them” mental view. However, insights from philosophers, socio-psychological experiments, and some crucial historical episodes demonstrate that both human solidarity and strategic meanings can be based on a common cause (and not just aimed at an enemy). Yet, little is known about how to construct this mass consciousness. Instead, history is abundant in showing that after long periods without wars, life’s meanings dilute and are replaced with nostalgia for new demons. We currently observe an intensification of this trend in many regions of our planet accompanied by growing instability in global geopolitics. To help thwart this, an international educational program designed to develop cosmopolitan worldviews that are free from group-versus-group attachments is suggested.
Nazaretyan, A. (2020). The Twenty-First Century’s “Mysterious Singularity” in the Light of the Big History. In World-Systems Evolution and Global Futures (pp. 345–362). Springer Science and Business Media B.V. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-33730-8_15