Hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis with polyneuropathy: baseline anthropometric, demographic and disease characteristics of patients from a reference center

1Citations
Citations of this article
12Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

Background: Hereditary transthyretin-mediated (hATTR) amyloidosis with polyneuropathy is a rare, inherited, multisystem, and often fatal disease caused by a variant in transthyretin (TTR) gene. Baseline characteristics of patients, especially anthropometric data, are scarce in the literature, and they are relevant to define effective treatment strategies. Objective: This study aimed to describe baseline demographic, anthropometric, and disease characteristics in a cohort of patients from a reference center in Brazil. Methods: Symptomatic patients not previously included in clinical trials and eligible for treatment were enrolled. Ethnicity, state of residence, age, sex, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), TTR variant, and Polyneuropathy Disability Score (PND) at diagnosis were analyzed. Results: Among the 108 patients enrolled, 58.33% were male, 60.19% were Caucasian, and 83.33% lived in the Southeast region. Mean age was 51.61 (±16.37) years, mean weight was 65.76 (±15.16) kg, mean height was 168.33 (±10.26) cm, and mean BMI was 23.11 (±4.45) kg/m2. The most prevalent variant was V30M (86.11%). Patients with PND score 0 presenting autonomic neuropathy were 14.81%. Patients with PND score I-II and III-IV were 52.78 and 32.41%, respectively. Mean weight and BMI were significantly lower in patients with sensory-motor manifestations. Conclusions: This is the largest cohort of patients in Brazil for whom anthropometric characteristics have been described. Baseline demographic, anthropometric, and disease data indicate that delay in diagnosis of hATTR amyloidosis with polyneuropathy is still a problem and that efforts must be made to expedite diagnosis and maximize opportunities for new disease-modifying treatments.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Sequeira, V. C. C., Penetra, M. A., Duarte, L., de Azevedo, F. R., Sayegh, R. S. R., Pedrosa, R. C., & Cruz, M. W. (2022). Hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis with polyneuropathy: baseline anthropometric, demographic and disease characteristics of patients from a reference center. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, 80(3), 262–269. https://doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X-ANP-2020-0590

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free