We revisit dust placed near the Earth–Sun L 1 Lagrange point as a possible climate-change mitigation measure. Our calculations include variations in grain properties and orbit solutions with lunar and planetary perturbations. To achieve sunlight attenuation of 1.8%, equivalent to about 6 days per year of an obscured Sun, the mass of dust in the scenarios we consider must exceed 10 10 kg. The more promising approaches include using high-porosity, fluffy grains to increase the extinction efficiency per unit mass, and launching this material in directed jets from a platform orbiting at L 1 . A simpler approach is to ballistically eject dust grains from the Moon’s surface on a free trajectory toward L 1 , providing sun shade for several days or more. Advantages compared to an Earth launch include a ready reservoir of dust on the lunar surface and less kinetic energy required to achieve a sun-shielding orbit.
Bromley, B. C., Khan, S. H., & Kenyon, S. J. (2023). Dust as a solar shield. PLOS Climate, 2(2), e0000133. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pclm.0000133