We present a nonlinear traffic flow network model that is coupled to gaseous hazard information for evacuation planning. This model is evaluated numerically against a linear network flow model for different objective functions that are relevant for evacuation problems. A numerical study shows the influence of the underlying evacuation models on the evacuation time as well as the exit strategies.
Göttlich, S., Kühn, S., Ohst, J. P., & Ruzika, S. (2016). Evacuation modeling: a case study on linear and nonlinear network flow models. EURO Journal on Computational Optimization, 4(3–4), 219–239. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13675-015-0055-6