Calcium substituted magnesium ferrite with composition MgCa x Fe 2−x O 4 (where x = 0.00, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07) was prepared by ceramic technique. These compositions were then subjected to detailed study for structural and magnetic properties. X-ray diffraction studies reveal the formation of single phase cubic spinel. The values of lattice constant increase with the increase in calcium concentration from x = 0.00 to x = 0.03 and then decrease. Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) technique was used to study the morphology of the grown materials. The grain size was calculated using average intercept line method. The elemental composition of pure and calcium substituted magnesium ferrite was obtained from energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX) spectrum. The hysteresis loop confirms the magnetic behaviour of the prepared composition, which is then discussed on the basis of cation distribution. The parameters such as saturation magnetization, coericivity, and retentivity are calculated. The Curie temperature was found to decrease with increasing calcium content.
Bamzai, K. K., Kour, G., Kaur, B., & Kulkarni, S. D. (2014). Preparation, and Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ca Substituted Magnesium Ferrite with Composition MgCa x Fe 2− x O 4 ( x = 0.00, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07) . Journal of Materials, 2014, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/184340