The equivalence of the modulation transfer function (MTF) of a turbid medium and the transmitted radiance from the medium under isotropic dif fuse illumination is demonstrated. MTF of a turbid medium can be fully evaluated by numerically solving a radiative transfer problem in a plane parallel medium. MTF for a homogenous single layer turbid medium is investigated as illustration. General features of the MTF in the low and high spatial frequency domains are provided through their dependence on optical thickness, single scattering albedo, asymmetrical factor, and phase function type.
Ruizhong Rao, R. R. (2012). Equivalence of MTF of a turbid medium and radiative transfer field. Chinese Optics Letters, 10(2), 020101–020103. https://doi.org/10.3788/col201210.020101