Effect of pioglitazone in acute ischemic stroke patients with diabetes mellitus: A nested case-control study

10Citations
Citations of this article
34Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

This artice is free to access.

Abstract

Background: Pioglitazone is an oral antidiabetic drug with multiple pleiotropic actions. Recent clinical trials have demonstrated that treatment with pioglitazone reduces cardiovascular risk in patients who have had an ischemic stroke. We examined the secondary preventive effects of pioglitazone in acute ischemic stroke patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) based on nationwide real-world data. Methods: A nested case-control study was conducted with data from the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort in Korea. Study subjects were diabetic patients admitted for acute ischemic stroke (ICD-10 code; I63) between 2002 and 2013. Cases were defined as patients who suffered from composites of recurrent stroke (I60-63), myocardial infarction (I21), or all-cause mortality after ischemic stroke. Controls were selected by incidence density sampling. Three controls were matched to each case for sex, age, treatment with insulin, and oral antidiabetic medications, with the exception of pioglitazone. Medication history after ischemic stroke was obtained by accessing the prescription records. In the matched dataset, conditional logistic regression analysis was performed with adjustments for hypertension, atrial fibrillation, prior myocardial infarction, and treatment with oral antithrombotics and statins. Results: From the patients with acute ischemic stroke and DM, 1150 cases with primary outcomes were matched to 3450 controls. In the matched analysis, treatment with pioglitazone was significantly associated with a lower cardiovascular risk (adjusted OR [95% CI], 0.43 [0.23-0.83]). Conclusions: In this nested case-control study using real-world data, treatment with pioglitazone exhibited significant cardiovascular preventive effect in diabetic patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Woo, M. H., Lee, H. S., & Kim, J. (2019). Effect of pioglitazone in acute ischemic stroke patients with diabetes mellitus: A nested case-control study. Cardiovascular Diabetology, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12933-019-0874-5

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free