Although the association between transverse myelitis (TM) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been reported previously, it remains a rare clinical condition. Our experience treating three women with lupus TM within a few months is presented. In each patient, spinal cord dysfunction was accompanied by laboratory or clinical evidence of SLE. Further neurologic manifestations, such as optic neuritis, developed in all patients, suggesting other diagnoses, including multiple sclerosis (MS), Devic's syndrome, and lupoid sclerosis. The outcomes for these three women were severe disability, death, and moderate disability, respectively. The severity of outcome did not seem to correlate with the timing or intensity of treatment. Physiatrists should be aware of the potential for neurologic progression in lupus TM, because patients with this condition invariably require rehabilitation.
Inslicht, D. V., Stein, A. B., Pomerantz, F., & Ragnarsson, K. T. (1998). Three women with lupus transverse myelitis: Case reports and differential diagnosis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 79(4), 456–459. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-9993(98)90150-2