Following the adoption of a neo-liberal economic policy, Mexico in the past two decades has seen a new dilemma of increasing labour insecurity emerge in addition to the old one of endemic poverty caused by underdevelopment and heightened inequality. Mexico's social policy has been reduced to safeguarding the protection of workers in the formal sector, as well as providing assistance to those most vulnerable and a slight reduction in levels of destitution. But with the partial privatization of the retirement system and the consolidation of the programmes providing assistance, this social policy has largely become segmented. At the same time, the provision of welfare has increasingly been delegated to market mechanisms that substitute development and the priorities of the elite, further exacerbating fragmentation. Mexico's social policy is becoming entrenched in a framework of corporatist relations. In short, the consolidation of benefits and an authentic social citizenship capable of counterbalancing the increasing societal insecurity and reinforcing its fragile cohesion has not been secured.
Dautrey, P. (2013). Precariedad de la sociedad, segmentación de la política social: El caso de México. European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 94, 25–42. https://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.8391