Suppression of MAGE-A10 alters the metastatic phenotype of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells

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Abstract

MAGE-A10 is a member of the MAGE protein family (melanoma associated antigen) which is overexpressed in cancer cells. Although MAGE-A10 has been characterized for some time and is generally associated to metastasis its function remains unknown. Here we describe experiments using as models oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines displaying increasing metastatic potential (LN1 and LN2). These cell lines were transduced with lentivirus particles coding for short hairpin against MAGE-A10 mRNA. Repression of MAGE-A10 expression in LN2 cells altered their morphology and impaired growth of LN1 and LN2 cell lines. Furthermore, repression of MAGE-A10 expression increased cell-cell and cell matrix adhesion. Furthermore shMAGEA10 cells were shown to assemble aberrantly on a 3D culture system (microspheroids) when compared to cells transduced with the control scrambled construct. Cell migration was inhibited in knocked down cells as revealed by two different migration assays, wound healing and a phagokinetic track motility assay. In vitro invasion assay using a leiomyoma tissue derived matrix (myogel) showed that shMAGEA10 LN1 and shMAGEA10 LN2 cells displayed a significantly diminished ability to penetrate the matrices. Concomitantly, the expression of E-cadherin, N-cadherin and vimentin genes was analyzed. shMAGEA10 activated the expression of E-cadherin and repression N-cadherin and vimentin transcription. Taken together the results indicate that MAGE-A10 exerts its effects at the level of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) presumably by regulating the expression of adhesion molecules.

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Mendonça, B. dos S., Agostini, M., Aquino, I. G., Dias, W. B., Bastos, D. C., & Rumjanek, F. D. (2017). Suppression of MAGE-A10 alters the metastatic phenotype of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells. Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, 10, 267–275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrep.2017.04.009

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