Background Lymphadenopathy is a common cause for medical consultation in the child population, accounting for up to 44% in children under 5 years old. In some cases, it is required to take lymph node biopsy specimens in order to clarify the diagnosis. Objective To describe the clinical and histological features of paediatric patients with lymphadenopathy and lymph node biopsies. Patients and method Descriptive and retrospective study conducted in Medellin (Colombia) in a fourth-level hospital between January 1st of 2009 and December 31st of 2012. In the study, lymph node biopsy specimens were taken from children under 15 years old. Demographic, clinical and laboratory features, and characteristics of the patients were evaluated, as well as the histopathological diagnosis of the lymph node biopsies. Results From the child population, 61 children met the eligibility criteria and 33 (54.1%) of them were male with an average age of 6 years old. The most common pathological diagnoses in the study group were as follows: reactive hyperplasia (50.8%), neoplasms (27.9%), chronic granulomatous disease (4.9%), and bacterial infection (3.3%). It could be concluded from the findings in the study that Hodgkin lymphoma is very common among the neoplastic diseases, with 18%, and the most frequent location was the neck with 60.6%. Conclusions This study demonstrates the importance of performing a differential diagnosis when approaching patients with lymphadenopathy. As reported in the world medical literature, benign origin is the most common cause of lymphadenopathy in children.
Gómez Cadavid, E., Giraldo, L. M., Espinal, D. A., & Hurtado, I. C. (2016). Características clínicas e histológicas de adenopatías en pacientes pediátricos. Revista Chilena de Pediatria, 87(4), 255–260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.11.007