LC3-mediated fibronectin mRNA translation induces fibrosarcoma growth by increasing connective tissue growth factor

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Abstract

Previously, we related fibronectin (Fn1) mRNA translation to an interaction between an AU-rich element in the Fn1 3′ UTR and light chain 3 (LC3) of microtubule-associated proteins 1A and 1B. Since human fibrosarcoma (HT1080) cells produce little fibronectin and LC3, we used these cells to investigate how LC3-mediated Fn1 mRNA translation might alter tumor growth. Transfection of HT1080 cells with LC3 enhanced fibronectin mRNA translation. Using polysome analysis and RNA-binding assays, we show that elevated levels of translation depend on an interaction between a triple arginine motif in LC3 and the AU-rich element in Fn1 mRNA. Wild-type but not mutant LC3 accelerated HT1080 cell growth in culture and when implanted in SCID mice. Comparison of WT LC3 with vector-transfected HT1080 cells revealed increased fibronectin-dependent proliferation, adhesion and invasion. Microarray analysis of genes differentially expressed in WT and vector-transfected control cells indicated enhanced expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). Using siRNA, we show that enhanced expression of CTGF is fibronectin dependent and that LC3-mediated adhesion, invasion and proliferation are CTGF dependent. Expression profiling of soft tissue tumors revealed increased expression of both LC3 and CTGF in some locally invasive tumor types.

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Ying, L., Lau, A., Alvira, C. M., West, R., Cann, G. M., Zhou, B., … Rabinovitch, M. (2009). LC3-mediated fibronectin mRNA translation induces fibrosarcoma growth by increasing connective tissue growth factor. Journal of Cell Science, 122(9), 1441–1451. https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.025957

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