This review considers previous researches that dealt with energy modelling in the built environment at different urban spatial scales. Up to now, modelling approaches focus on energy flow simulation in urban area from generation to distribution and finally consumption. Dependent on the energy flow direction and focus of these models in urban energy system, they are categorized in three distinct groups: supply, demand and integrated models. A critical evaluation of each category of these models based on the same criteria is provided. As a result, some of the main aspects that are missing in the existing models are highlighted, including: integrated multilayer models, spatial implications of renewable energy technologies and integration of simulation and optimization methods.
Mohammadi, S., de Vries, B., & Schaefer, W. (2013). A comprehensive review of existing urban energy models in the built environment. In Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography (pp. 249–265). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-37533-0_14